# How to Sort a Matrix in R (With Examples)

You can use the following methods to sort a matrix by a particular column in R:

Method 1: Sort Matrix by One Column Increasing

```sorted_matrix <- my_matrix[order(my_matrix[, 1]), ]
```

Method 2: Sort Matrix by One Column Decreasing

```sorted_matrix <- my_matrix[order(my_matrix[, 1], decreasing=TRUE), ]
```

The following examples show how to use each method in practice with the following matrix:

```#create matrix
my_matrix <- matrix(c(5, 4, 2, 2, 7, 9, 12, 10, 15, 4, 6, 3), ncol=2)

#view matrix
my_matrix

[,1] [,2]
[1,]    5   12
[2,]    4   10
[3,]    2   15
[4,]    2    4
[5,]    7    6
[6,]    9    3```

## Example 1: Sort Matrix by One Column Increasing

The following code shows how to sort the matrix by increasing values based on the first column:

```#sort matrix by first column increasing
sorted_matrix <- my_matrix[order(my_matrix[, 1]), ]

#view sorted matrix
sorted_matrix

[,1] [,2]
[1,]    2   15
[2,]    2    4
[3,]    4   10
[4,]    5   12
[5,]    7    6
[6,]    9    3
```

Notice that the matrix is now sorted by increasing values based on the first column.

We could just as easily sort by increasing values based on the second column by changing the 1 to a 2:

```#sort matrix by second column increasing
sorted_matrix <- my_matrix[order(my_matrix[, 2]), ]

#view sorted matrix
sorted_matrix

[,1] [,2]
[1,]    9    3
[2,]    2    4
[3,]    7    6
[4,]    4   10
[5,]    5   12
[6,]    2   15
```

The matrix is now sorted by increasing values based on the second column.

## Example 2: Sort Matrix by One Column Decreasing

The following code shows how to sort the matrix by decreasing values based on the first column:

```#sort matrix by first column decreasing
sorted_matrix <- my_matrix[order(my_matrix[, 1], decreasing=TRUE), ]

#view sorted matrix
sorted_matrix

[,1] [,2]
[1,]    2   15
[2,]    2    4
[3,]    4   10
[4,]    5   12
[5,]    7    6
[6,]    9    3
```

Notice that the matrix is now sorted by decreasing values based on the first column.