# How to Replace Values in a Matrix in R (With Examples)

You can use the following methods to replace specific values in a matrix in R:

Method 1: Replace Elements Equal to Specific Value

```#replace 5 with 100
my_matrix[my_matrix==5] <- 100
```

Method 2: Replace Elements Based on One Condition

```#replace elements with value less than 15 with 0
my_matrix[my_matrix<15] <- 0```

Method 3: Replace Elements Based on Multiple Conditions

```#replace elements with value between 10 and 15 with 99
my_matrix[my_matrix>=10 & my_matrix<=15] <- 99
```

The following examples show how to use each method in practice with the following matrix in R:

```#create matrix
my_matrix <- matrix(1:20, nrow = 5)

#display matrix
my_matrix

[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
[1,]    1    6   11   16
[2,]    2    7   12   17
[3,]    3    8   13   18
[4,]    4    9   14   19
[5,]    5   10   15   20
```

## Example 1: Replace Elements Equal to Specific Value

The following code shows how to replace all elements equal to the value 5 with the value 100:

```#replace 5 with 100
my_matrix[my_matrix==5] <- 100

#view updated matrix
my_matrix

[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
[1,]    1    6   11   16
[2,]    2    7   12   17
[3,]    3    8   13   18
[4,]    4    9   14   19
[5,]  100   10   15   20```

Notice that the one element equal to the value 5 has been replaced with a value of 100.

All other elements remained unchanged in the matrix.

## Example 2: Replace Elements Based on One Condition

The following code shows how to replace all elements that have a value less than 15 with the value 0:

```#replace elements with value less than 15 with 100
my_matrix[my_matrix<15] <- 0

#view updated matrix
my_matrix

[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
[1,]    0    0    0   16
[2,]    0    0    0   17
[3,]    0    0    0   18
[4,]    0    0    0   19
[5,]    0    0   15   20```

Notice that each of the elements that have a value less than 15 have been replaced with a value of 0.

## Example 3: Replace Elements Based on Multiple Conditions

The following code shows how to replace all elements that have a value between 10 and 15 with a value of 99:

```#replace elements with value between 10 and 15 with 99
my_matrix[my_matrix>=10 & my_matrix<=15] <- 99

#view updated matrix
my_matrix

[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
[1,]    1    6   99   16
[2,]    2    7   99   17
[3,]    3    8   99   18
[4,]    4    9   99   19
[5,]    5   99   99   20
```

Notice that each of the elements that have a value between 10 and 15 have been replaced with a value of 99.