You can use the following basic syntax to export a Matplotlib plot with a transparent background:
Note that the default argument for savefig() is transparent=False.
By specifying transparent=True we can save a Matplotlib figure with a transparent background.
The following example shows how to use this syntax in practice.
Example: Export Matplotlib Plot with Transparent Background
The following code shows how to create a line plot in Matplotlib and save the plot with a transparent background:
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt #define x and y x = [1, 4, 10, 15] y = [5, 7, 21, 22] #create line plot plt.plot(x, y) #add title and axis labels plt.title('Title of Plot') plt.xlabel('X Label') plt.ylabel('Y Label') #save plot with transparent background plt.savefig('my_plot.png', transparent=True)
If I navigate to the location on my computer where the image is saved, I can view it:
However, this doesn’t illustrate the transparent background well.
To do so, I can place the image on a colored background in Excel:
Notice that the background is completely transparent.
You can contrast this with the exact same image saved without using the transparent argument:
#save plot without specifying transparent background plt.savefig('my_plot2.png')
The background is white, which is the default background color in Matplotlib.
Note: You can find the complete online documentation for the savefig() function here.
The following tutorials explain how to perform other common operations in Matplotlib:
How to Save Matplotlib Figure to a File
How to Increase Plot Size in Matplotlib
How to Create Multiple Matplotlib Plots in One Figure