In statistics, there are three common ways to measure where the “center” of a dataset is located:

**Mean**: The average value.**Median**: The middle value, located at the 50th percentile.**Mode**: The most commonly occurring value.

These are known as measures of central tendency.

The easiest way to calculate the mean, median and mode in SPSS is to use **Analyze** > **Descriptive Statistics** > **Frequencies**.

The following example shows how to do so in practice.

**Example: How to Calculate Mean, Median and Mode in SPSS**

Suppose we have the following dataset in SPSS that shows the exam scores received by various students in some class:

Suppose that we would like to calculate the mean, median and mode of the exam scores.

To do so, click the **Analyze** tab, then click **Descriptive Statistics**, then click **Frequencies**:

In the new window that appears, drag **Exam_Score** to the **Variables** panel:

Then click the **Statistics **button.

In the new window that appears, check the boxes next to **Mean**, **Median** and **Mode** under the **Central Tendency** group:

Then click **Continue**. Then click **OK**.

The following output will appear:

The first table in the output titled **Statistics** contains the values of the mean, median and mode of exam scores.

From this table we can see:

- Mean exam score:
**89.67** - Median exam score:
**92** - Mode exam score:
**97**

The second table then shows the frequency of each unique exam score.

From this table we can see that the value **97** occurs 3 times, which is the most frequently occurring value and thus the mode.

**Related:** Real Life Examples of Using Mean, Median, & Mode

**Additional Resources**

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common operations in SPSS:

How to Calculate Interquartile Range in SPSS

How to Create a Frequency Table in SPSS

How to Calculate Percentiles in SPSS