SAS: How to Display Values in Percent Format


You can use the PERCENT format option in SAS to print values formatted as percentages.

The following example shows how to use the PERCENT format option in practice.

Example: Display Values in Percent Format in SAS

Suppose we have the following dataset in SAS that shows the exam scores of students in some class:

/*create dataset*/
data my_data;
    input student $ exam_score;
    datalines;
Andy 0.945
Bob 0.78
Chad 0.865
Derrick 0.77
Eric 0.75
Frank 0.64
George 0.895
Henry 0.98
Isaac 0.68
John 0.84
;
run;

/*view dataset*/
proc print data=my_data;

Suppose we would like to format the values in the exam_score column using a percent format.

We can use the following syntax to do so:

/*view dataset and display exam scores in percent format*/
proc print data=my_data;
    format exam_score percent10.1;
run;

Each value in the exam_score column is displayed in a percent format.

When using the percent10.1 statement, the 10 specifies that a maximum of 10 characters will be needed to display the entire value including the percent symbol while the 1 specifies that 1 digit should be shown after the decimal place.

If you don’t want to display any values after the decimal place, you can use percent10. instead:

/*view dataset and display exam scores in percent format without decimal places*/
proc print data=my_data;
    format exam_score percent10.;
run;

Notice that each value in the exam_score column is rounded to the nearest integer and each value after the decimal place has been truncated.

Note: You can find the complete documentation for the PERCENT format in SAS here.

Additional Resources

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common tasks in SAS:

How to Use Proc Summary in SAS
How to Use Proc Tabulate in SAS
How to Use Proc Rank in SAS

Featured Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *