# R: How to Find Index of Element in a Vector

Often you may want to find the index of a specific element in a vector in R.

For example, you may want to know which index position in a vector contains the value 5.

Or, you may wish to know which index positions(s) in a vector contain the value 3 or 5.

You can use the following methods to find the index of specific elements in a vector in R:

Method 1: Find Index of First Occurrence of Element in Vector

```which(4 == my_vector)[[1]]
```

This particular example will return the first index position of the first occurrence of the value 4 in the vector named my_vector.

By using the [[1]] notation, we are able to extract only the first occurrence of the value 4 if it happens to occur multiple times in the vector.

Method 2: Find Index of All Occurrences of Element in Vector

```which(4 == my_vector)
```

This particular example will return the index position of all occurrences of the value 4 in the vector named my_vector.

Method 3: Find Index of First Occurrence of Multiple Elements in Vector

`match(c(4,10), my_vector)`

This particular example will return the index position of the first occurrence of both the value 4 and the value 10 in the vector named my_vector.

Method 4: Find Index of All Occurrences of Multiple Elements in Vector

```which(my_vector %in% c(4,10))
```

This particular example will return index position of all occurrences of the value 4 and the value 10 in the vector named my_vector.

The following examples show how to use each of these methods in practice.

## Example 1: Find Index of First Occurrence of Element in Vector

We can use the following syntax to define a vector named my_vector and then find the index position of the first occurrence of the value 4 in the vector:

```#create vector of values
my_vector <- c(3, 4, 4, 6, 2, 10, 15, 12, 4, 7, 10, 15)

#find index position of first occurrence of the value 4
which(4 == my_vector)[[1]]

[1] 2```

This tells us that the first occurrence of the value 4 in the vector occurs in index position 2.

## Example 2: Find Index of All Occurrences of Element in Vector

We can use the following syntax to define a vector named my_vector and then find the index position of all occurrences of the value 4 in the vector:

```#create vector of values
my_vector <- c(3, 4, 4, 6, 2, 10, 15, 12, 4, 7, 10, 15)

#find index position of all occurrences of the value 4
which(4 == my_vector)

[1] 2 3 9```

This tells us that the value 4 occurs in in index positions 2, 3 and 9 in the vector.

## Example 3: Find Index of First Occurrence of Multiple Elements in Vector

We can use the following syntax to define a vector named my_vector and then find the index position of the first occurrence of the value 4 and the value 10 in the vector:

```#create vector of values
my_vector <- c(3, 4, 4, 6, 2, 10, 15, 12, 4, 7, 10, 15)

#find index position of first occurrence of 4 and 10
match(c(4,10), my_vector)

[1] 2 6```

This tells us that the value 4 first occurs in index position 2 and the value 10 first occurs in index position 6.

## Example 4: Find Index of First Occurrence of Multiple Elements in Vector

We can use the following syntax to define a vector named my_vector and then find the index positions of all occurrences of the value 4 and the value 10 in the vector:

```#create vector of values
my_vector <- c(3, 4, 4, 6, 2, 10, 15, 12, 4, 7, 10, 15)

#find index positions of all occurrences of 4 and 10
which(my_vector %in% c(4,10))

[1]  2  3  6  9 11
```

This tells us that the values 4 and 10 occur in index positions 2, 3, 6, 9 and 11 in the vector.