One error you may encounter in R is:
Error in as.Date.numeric(x) : 'origin' must be supplied
This error usually occurs when you attempt to convert a number to a date in R, but fail to provide an origin date.
This tutorial shares exactly how to fix this error.
How to Reproduce the Error
Suppose we have the following data frame in R that shows the total sales made during various days by some company:
#create data frame df <- data.frame(date=c(27, 140, 180, 200), sales=c(12, 22, 30, 31)) #view data frame df date sales 1 27 12 2 140 22 3 180 30 4 200 31
We can use the str() function to view the structure of the data frame:
#view structure of data frame str(df) 'data.frame': 4 obs. of 2 variables: $ date : num 27 140 180 200 $ sales: num 12 22 30 31
We can see that the date and sales columns are both numeric.
Now suppose we attempt to convert the date column to a date format:
#attempt to convert date column to date format df$date <- as.Date(df$date) Error in as.Date.numeric(df$date) : 'origin' must be supplied
We receive an error because we we did not use the origin argument within the as.Date() function.
How to Fix the Error
The way to fix this error is to simply provide an origin date so that R knows how to convert the numbers to dates:
#convert date column to date format, using 2020-01-01 as origin date df$date <- as.Date(df$date, origin="2020-01-01") #view updated data frame df date sales 1 2020-01-28 12 2 2020-05-20 22 3 2020-06-29 30 4 2020-07-19 31
By supplying an origin date, R converted the numbers to dates by adding the number of days to the origin supplied.
- The first date value of 27 was converted to 2020-01-28 by adding 27 days to the origin date of 2020-01-01.
- The second date value of 140 was converted to 2020-05-20 by adding 140 days to the origin date of 2020-01-01.
And so on.
We can also use the class() function to confirm that the new column is indeed a date:
#display class of date column class(df$date)  "Date"
The new column is now a date instead of a number.
The following tutorials explain how to troubleshoot other common errors in R:
How to Fix in R: names do not match previous names
How to Fix in R: longer object length is not a multiple of shorter object length
How to Fix in R: contrasts can be applied only to factors with 2 or more levels