# How to Convert a Table to a Matrix in R (With Example)

You can use the following basic syntax to convert a table to a matrix in R:

```my_matrix <- matrix(my_table, ncol=ncol(my_table), dimnames=dimnames(my_table))
```

The following example shows how to use this syntax in practice.

## Example: Convert Table to Matrix in R

First, let’s create the following data frame in R that shows the team and position of various basketball players:

```#create data frame
df <- data.frame(team=c('A', 'A', 'A', 'A', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'B'),
position=c('G', 'G', 'F', 'C', 'G', 'F', 'C', 'C'))

#view data frame
df

team position
1    A        G
2    A        G
3    A        F
4    A        C
5    B        G
6    B        F
7    B        C
8    B        C```

Next, let’s create a table that displays the frequency of each combination of team and position:

```#create frequency table of values for team and position
my_table <- table(df\$team, df\$position)

#view table
my_table

C F G
A 1 1 2
B 2 1 1```

We can use the class() function to confirm that the object called my_table is indeed a table:

```#display class of my_table
class(my_table)

[1] "table"
```

Next, we can use the following syntax to convert the table to a matrix:

```#convert table to matrix
my_matrix <- matrix(my_table, ncol=ncol(my_table), dimnames=dimnames(my_table))

#view matrix
my_matrix

C F G
A 1 1 2
B 2 1 1
```

And we can use the class() function to confirm that the object called my_matrix is indeed a matrix:

```#display class of my_matrix
class(my_matrix)

[1] "matrix" "array"
```

Note #1: The ncol argument ensures that the number of columns in the matrix match the number of columns in the table.

Note #2: The dimnames argument ensures that the row names and column names match the ones from the table.