How to Calculate Quintiles in Google Sheets


In statistics, quintiles are numbers that split a dataset into five groups of equal frequency.

  • The first quintile is the point where 20% of all data values lie below it.
  • The second quintile is the point where 40% of all data values lie below it.
  • The third quintile is the point where 60% of all data values lie below it.
  • The fourth quintile is the point where 80% of all data values lie below it.

We can use the following basic formula to calculate the quintiles for a dataset in Google Sheets:

=PERCENTILE(CELL RANGE, QUINTILE)

For example, we can use the following formula to calculate the first quantile in the range A1:A10:

=PERCENTILE(A1:A10, 0.2)

The following example shows how to use this function in practice.

Example: Calculate Quintiles in Google Sheets

Suppose we have the following dataset in Google Sheets with 20 values:

The following screenshot shows how to calculate the quintiles for the dataset:

quintile in Google Sheets

Here is how to interpret the quintile values:

  • 20% of all data values lie below 6.8.
  • 40% of all data values lie below 14.
  • 60% of all data values lie below 20.8.
  • 80% of all data values lie below 26.2.

We can also use the following formula to calculate each quintile at the same time:

=ArrayFormula(PERCENTILE($A$2:$A$21, {0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8}))

The following image shows how to do so:

Notice that these quintile values match the ones we calculated earlier.

Additional Resources

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common tasks in Google Sheets:

How to Calculate a Five Number Summary in Google Sheets
How to Calculate the Interquartile Range in Google Sheets
How to Calculate Deciles in Google Sheets

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