# How to Calculate the Median by Group in PySpark

You can use the following methods to calculate the median value by group in a PySpark DataFrame:

Method 1: Calculate Median Grouped by One Column

```import pyspark.sql.functions as F

#calculate median of 'points' grouped by 'team'
df.groupBy('team').agg(F.median('points')).show()```

Method 2: Calculate Median Grouped by Multiple Columns

```import pyspark.sql.functions as F

#calculate median of 'points' grouped by 'team' and 'position'
df.groupBy('team', 'position').agg(F.median('points')).show()```

The following examples show how to use each method in practice with the following PySpark DataFrame that contains information about various basketball players:

```from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
spark = SparkSession.builder.getOrCreate()

#define data
data = [['A', 'Guard', 11],
['A', 'Guard', 8],
['A', 'Forward', 22],
['A', 'Forward', 22],
['B', 'Guard', 14],
['B', 'Guard', 14],
['B', 'Guard', 13],
['B', 'Forward', 7],
['C', 'Guard', 8],
['C', 'Forward', 5]]

#define column names
columns = ['team', 'position', 'points']

#create dataframe using data and column names
df = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)

#view dataframe
df.show()

+----+--------+------+
|team|position|points|
+----+--------+------+
|   A|   Guard|    11|
|   A|   Guard|     8|
|   A| Forward|    22|
|   A| Forward|    22|
|   B|   Guard|    14|
|   B|   Guard|    14|
|   B|   Guard|    13|
|   B| Forward|     7|
|   C|   Guard|     8|
|   C| Forward|     5|
+----+--------+------+
```

## Example 1: Calculate Median Grouped by One Column

We can use the following syntax to calculate the median value in the points column grouped by the values in the team column:

```import pyspark.sql.functions as F

#calculate median of 'points' grouped by 'team'
df.groupBy('team').agg(F.median('points')).show()

+----+--------------+
|team|median(points)|
+----+--------------+
|   A|          16.5|
|   B|          13.5|
|   C|           6.5|
+----+--------------+
```

From the output we can see:

• The median points value for players on team A is 16.5.
• The median points value for players on team B is 13.5.
• The median points value for players on team C is 6.5.

## Example 2: Calculate Median Grouped by Multiple Columns

We can use the following syntax to calculate the median value in the points column grouped by the values in the team and position columns:

```import pyspark.sql.functions as F

#calculate median of 'points' grouped by 'team' and 'position'
df.groupBy('team', 'position').agg(F.median('points')).show()

+----+--------+--------------+
|team|position|median(points)|
+----+--------+--------------+
|   A|   Guard|           9.5|
|   A| Forward|          22.0|
|   B|   Guard|          14.0|
|   B| Forward|           7.0|
|   C| Forward|           5.0|
|   C|   Guard|           8.0|
+----+--------+--------------+
```

From the output we can see:

• The median points value for Guards on team A is 9.5.
• The median points value for Forwards on team A is 22.
• The median points value for Guards on team B is 14.

And so on.