# How to Plot Multiple Histograms in R (With Examples)

You can use the following syntax to plot multiple histograms on the same chart in base R:

```hist(data1, col='red')
```

And you can use the following syntax to plot multiple histograms in ggplot2:

```ggplot(df, aes(x = x_var, fill = grouping_var)) +
geom_histogram(position = 'identity', alpha = 0.4)```

The following examples show how to use each of these methods in practice.

### Method 1: Plot Multiple Histograms in Base R

The following code shows how to plot multiple histograms in one plot in base R:

```#make this example reproducible
set.seed(1)

#define data
x1 = rnorm(1000, mean=0.8, sd=0.2)
x2 = rnorm(1000, mean=0.4, sd=0.1)

#plot two histograms in same graph
hist(x1, col='red', xlim=c(0, 1.5), main='Multiple Histograms', xlab='x')

legend('topright', c('x1 variable', 'x2 variable'), fill=c('red', 'green'))``` ### Method 2: Plot Multiple Histograms in ggplot2

The following code shows how to plot multiple histograms in one plot in R using ggplot2:

```library(ggplot2)

#make this example reproducible
set.seed(1)

#create data frame
df <- data.frame(var = c(rep('x1', 1000), rep('x2', 1000) ),
value = c(rnorm(1000, mean=0.8, sd=0.1),
rnorm(1000, mean=0.4, sd=0.1)))

#view first six rows of data frame

var     value
1  x1 0.7373546
2  x1 0.8183643
3  x1 0.7164371
4  x1 0.9595281
5  x1 0.8329508
6  x1 0.7179532

#plot multiple histograms
ggplot(df, aes(x=value, fill=var)) +
geom_histogram( color='#e9ecef', alpha=0.6, position='identity')
``` You can quickly change the colors of the histograms by using the scale_fill_manual() function: 