How to Perform a Median IF Function in Excel


You can use the following formula to perform a Median IF function in Excel:

=MEDIAN(IF(GROUP_RANGE=VALUE, MEDIAN_RANGE))

This formula finds the median value of all cells in some range that belong to a certain group.

When you type this formula into a cell in Excel, you need to press Ctrl + Shift + Enter since this is an array formula.

The following example shows how to use this function in practice.

Example: Median IF Function in Excel

Suppose we have the following dataset that shows the total points scored by 15 different basketball players:

Now suppose we’d like to find the median of the points scored by players on each team.

To do so, we can use the =UNIQUE() function to first create a list of the unique teams. We’ll type the following formula into cell F2:

=UNIQUE(B2:B16)

Once we press enter, a list of unique team names will be displayed:

Next, we can use the =MEDIAN() function to find the median number of points scored by players on each team.

We’ll type the following formula into cell G2 and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter so Excel knows this is an array formula:

=MEDIAN(IF(B2:B16=F2, C2:C16))

We’ll then copy and paste this formula into the remaining cells in column G:

That’s it!

Column F displays each of the unique teams and column G displays the median of the points scored by players on each team.

Additional Resources

How to Calculate a Five Number Summary in Excel
How to Calculate the Mean and Standard Deviation in Excel
How to Calculate the Interquartile Range (IQR) in Excel

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