You can easily fill in the area between values in a Matplotlib plot by using following functions:

- fill_between(): Fill the area between two horizontal curves.
- fill_betweenx(): Fill the area between two vertical curves.

This tutorial provides examples of how to use each of these functions in practice.

**Example 1: Fill in Area Between Two Horizontal Lines**

The following code shows how to fill in the area between two horizontal lines:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np #define x and y values x = np.arange(0,10,0.1) y = np.arange(10,20,0.1) #create plot of values plt.plot(x,y) #fill in area between the two lines plt.fill_between(x, y, color='red')

Note that we can also use the **plt.grid()** function to add gridlines to the plot to see the values that are being filled in more easily:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np #define x and y values x = np.arange(0,10,0.1) y = np.arange(10,20,0.1) #create plot of values plt.plot(x,y) #fill in area between the two lines plt.fill_between(x, y, color='red', alpha=.5) #add gridlines plt.grid()

**Example 2: Fill in Area Under a Curve**

The following code show to fill in the area under a curve:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np #define x and y values x = np.arange(0,10,0.1) y = x**4 #create plot of values plt.plot(x,y) #fill in area between the two lines plt.fill_between(x, y, color='red', alpha=.5)

**Example 3: Fill in Area Above a Curve**

The following code show to fill in the area above a curve:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np #define x and y values x = np.arange(0,10,0.1) y = x**4 #create plot of values plt.plot(x,y) #fill in area between the two lines plt.fill_between(x, y, np.max(y), color='red', alpha=.5)

**Example 4: Fill in Area Between Two Vertical Lines**

The following code shows how to use the **fill_betweenx()** function to fill in the area between two vertical lines:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np #define x and y values x = np.arange(0,10,0.1) y = np.arange(10,20,0.1) #create plot of values plt.plot(x,y) #fill in area between the two lines plt.fill_betweenx(y, 2, 4, color='red', alpha=.5)