# How to Use lines() Function in R (With Examples)

You can use the lines() function in R to add new lines to an existing plot in base R.

This function uses the following syntax:

`lines(x, y, col, lwd, lty)`

where:

• x: Vector of x-coordinates to use for new line
• y: Vector of y-coordinates to use for new line
• col: Color of the new line
• lwd: Width of the new line
• lty: Line type for new line

The following example shows how to use the lines() function in practice.

## Example: How to Use lines() Function in R

Suppose we use the following code to create a simple scatter plot in base R:

```#define (x, y) coordinates
x <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
y <- c(2, 5, 5, 9, 10, 14, 13, 15)

#create scatter plot
plot(x, y)
``` We can use the lines() function to add a line with specific (x, y) coordinates to the plot:

```#define (x, y) coordinates
x <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
y <- c(2, 5, 5, 9, 10, 14, 13, 15)

#create scatter plot
plot(x, y)

#define (x, y) coordinates for new line to add
x_line <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
y_line <- c(2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16)

lines(x_line, y_line)
``` We can also use the col, lwd and lty arguments to modify the color, line width, and line style of the new line:

```#define (x, y) coordinates
x <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
y <- c(2, 5, 5, 9, 10, 14, 13, 15)

#create scatter plot
plot(x, y)

#define (x, y) coordinates for new line to add
x_line <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
y_line <- c(2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16)

#add new line to plot with custom style
lines(x_line, y_line, col='red', lwd=6, lty='dashed')``` Feel free to modify the values for the various arguments in the lines() function to add a new line with the exact style you’d like.