# How to Label Points on a Scatterplot in R (With Examples)

This tutorial provides an example of how to label the points on a scatterplot in both base R and ggplot2.

### Example 1: Label Scatterplot Points in Base R

To add labels to scatterplot points in base R you can use the text() function, which uses the following syntax:

text(x, y, labels, …)

• x: The x-coordinate of the labels
• y: The y-coordinate of the labels
• labels: The text to use for the labels

The following code shows how to label a single point on a scatterplot in base R:

```#create data
df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6),
y=c(7, 9, 14, 19, 12, 15),
z=c('A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F'))

#create scatterplot
plot(df\$x, df\$y)

#add label to third point in dataset
text(df\$x, df\$y-1, labels=df\$z)
``` The following code shows how to label every point on a scatterplot in base R:

```#create data
df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6),
y=c(7, 9, 14, 19, 12, 15),
z=c('A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F'))

#create scatterplot
plot(df\$x, df\$y)

#add labels to every point
text(df\$x, df\$y-1, labels=df\$z)
``` ### Example 2: Label Scatterplot Points in ggplot2

The following code shows how to label a single point on a scatterplot in ggplot2:

```#load ggplot2
library(ggplot2)

#create data
df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6),
y=c(7, 9, 14, 19, 12, 15),
z=c('A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F'))

#create scatterplot with a label on the third point in dataset
ggplot(df, aes(x,y)) +
geom_point() +
annotate('text', x = 3, y = 13.5, label = 'C')
``` The following code shows how to label every point on a scatterplot in ggplot2:

```#load ggplot2 & ggrepel for easy annotations
library(ggplot2)
library(ggrepel)

#create data
df <- data.frame(x=c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6),
y=c(7, 9, 14, 19, 12, 15),
z=c('A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F'))

#create scatterplot with a label on every point
ggplot(df, aes(x,y)) +
geom_point() +
geom_text_repel(aes(label = z))``` 