How to Calculate the Mode in R

How to calculate the mode in R

The mode is the value that occurs most often in a dataset. For example, the mode of the following list of numbers is 12, since that is the value that occurs most often:

10, 12, 12, 12, 13, 17, 19

Unfortunately there is no built-in R function to calculate the mode of a dataset. However, we can easily create a function to do so.

Related: An Easy Guide to Writing Functions in R

The following function takes a vector as an input and produces the value of the mode as the output:

find_mode <- function(x) {
  uniques <- unique(x)
  tab <- tabulate(match(x, uniques))
  uniques[tab == max(tab)]

We can then use this function to the find the mode of a vector of values:

#create a vector of values with only one mode
a <- c(1, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9)

#find the mode of the vector

#[1] 6

#create a vector of values with two modes
b <- c(1, 4, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9)

#find the modes of the vector

#[1] 6 7

#create a vector of values with no modes
c <- c(1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9)

#find the modes of the vector

#[1] 1 4 6 7 8 9

Notice that the function works whether the vector your provide has no modes, one mode, or more than one mode.

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