Often you may want to find a linear regression equation from a table of data.
For example, suppose you are given the following table of data:
The following step-by-step example explains how to find a linear regression equation from this table of data.
Step 1: Calculate X*Y, X2, and Y2
First, we’ll calculate the following metrics for each row:
The following screenshot shows how to do so:
Step 2: Calculate ΣX, ΣY, ΣX*Y, ΣX2, and ΣY2
Next, we’ll calculate the sum of each column:
Step 3: Calculate b0
The formula to calculate the intercept of the regression equation, b0, is as follows:
- b0 = ((Σy)(Σx2) – (Σx)(Σxy)) / (n(Σx2) – (Σx)2)
- b0 = ((128)(831) – (85)(1258)) / (10(831) – (85)2)
- b0 = -0.518
Note: In the formula, n represents the total number of observations. In this example, there were 10 total observations.
Step 4: Calculate b1
The formula to calculate the slope of the regression equation, b1, is as follows:
- b1 = (n(Σxy) – (Σx)(Σy)) / (n(Σx2) – (Σx)2)
- b1 = (10(1258) – (85)(128)) / (10(831) – (85)2)
- b1 = 1.5668
Step 5: Write Linear Regression Equation
The final linear regression equation can be written as:
- ŷ = b0 + b1x
Thus, our linear regression equation would be written as:
- ŷ = -0.518 + 1.5668x
We can double check that this answer is correct by plugging in the values from the table into the Simple Linear Regression Calculator:
We can see that the linear regression equation from the calculator matches the one that we calculated by hand.
The following tutorials provide additional information about linear regression:
Introduction to Simple Linear Regression
Introduction to Multiple Linear Regression
How to Interpret Regression Coefficients