You can use one of the following methods to count the number of distinct values in an R data frame using the **n_distinct()** function from dplyr:

**Method 1: Count Distinct Values in One Column**

n_distinct(df$column_name)

**Method 2: Count Distinct Values in All Columns**

sapply(df, function(x) n_distinct(x))

**Method 3: Count Distinct Values by Group**

df %>%group_by(grouping_column) %>%summarize(count_distinct = n_distinct(values_column))

The following examples show how to use each of these methods in practice with the following data frame:

library(dplyr) #create data frame df <- data.frame(team=c('A', 'A', 'A', 'A', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'B'), points=c(6, 6, 8, 10, 9, 9, 12, 12), assists=c(3, 6, 4, 2, 4, 5, 5, 9)) #view data frame df team points assists 1 A 6 3 2 A 6 6 3 A 8 4 4 A 10 2 5 B 9 4 6 B 9 5 7 B 12 5 8 B 12 9

**Method 1: Count Distinct Values in One Column**

The following code shows how to use **n_distinct()** to count the number of distinct values in the ‘team’ column:

#count distinct values in 'team' column n_distinct(df$team) [1] 2

There are **2** distinct values in the ‘team’ column.

**Method 2: Count Distinct Values in All Columns**

The following code shows how to use the **sapply()** and **n_distinct()** functions to count the number of distinct values in each column of the data frame:

#count distinct values in every column sapply(df, function(x) n_distinct(x)) team points assists 2 5 6

From the output we can see:

- There are
**2**distinct values in the ‘team’ column - There are
**5**distinct values in the ‘points’ column - There are
**6**distinct values in the ‘assists’ column

**Method 3: Count Distinct Values by Group**

The following code shows how to use the **n_distinct()** function to count the number of distinct values by group:

#count distinct 'points' values by 'team' df %>% group_by(team) %>% summarize(distinct_points = n_distinct(points)) # A tibble: 2 x 2 team distinct_points 1 A 3 2 B 2

From the output we can see:

- There are
**3**distinct points values for team A. - There are
**2**distinct points values for team B.

**Additional Resources**

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common operations using dplyr:

How to Recode Values Using dplyr

How to Replace NA with Zero in dplyr

How to Rank Variables by Group Using dplyr

How to Select the First Row by Group Using dplyr