How to Calculate a Dot Product on a TI-84 Calculator

Given vector a = [a1, a2, a3] and vector b = [b1, b2, b3], the dot product of vector a and vector b, denoted as a · b, is given by:

a · b = a1 * b1 + a2 * b2 + a3 * b3

For example, if a = [2, 5, 6] and b = [4, 3, 2], then the dot product of a and b would be equal to:

a · b = 2*4 + 5*3 + 6*2

a · b = 8 + 15 + 12

a · b = 35

We can use the following syntax to calculate the dot product of two vectors on a TI-84 calculator:

sum({2, 5, 6}*{4, 3, 2})

The following step-by-step example shows how to use this syntax in practice.

Example: Calculate Dot Product on TI-84 Calculator

Use the following steps to calculate the dot product between two vectors:

Step 1: Enter the sum( command.

First, press 2nd then press STAT then scroll over to MATH and press sum:

Step 2: Enter the left curly brace.

Next, press 2nd then press ( to enter the first curly brace:

Step 3: Enter the Data

Next, enter the following values for each vector:

  • Vector a: 2, 5, 6
  • Vector b: 4, 3, 2

Be sure to include a multiplication sign between the two vectors and close off the end of the sum() command with a parenthesis on the right. Then press ENTER:

Dot product on TI-84 calculator

The dot product turns out to be 35. This matches the value that we calculated by hand.

Additional Resources

How to Calculate the Dot Product in Excel
How to Calculate the Dot Product in Google Sheets
How to Calculate the Dot Product in R

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