A **crosstab** is a table that summarizes the relationship between two categorical variables.

To create a crosstab in SPSS, you can use **Analyze** > **Descriptive Statistics** > **Crosstabs**.

The following example shows how to do so in practice.

**Example: How to Create a Crosstab in SPSS**

Suppose we have the following dataset in SPSS that contains information about various basketball players:

Suppose that we would like to create a crosstab to summarize the frequency of each occurrence of **Team** and **Position**.

To do so, click the **Analyze** tab, then click **Descriptive Statistics**, then click **Crosstabs**:

In the new window that appears, drag the **Team **variable into the **Rows** panel, then drag the **Position** variable into the **Columns** panel:

Once you click **OK**, the following output will be generated:

The first table shows the total number of valid observations and missing observations in the dataset.

We can see that there are **12** total valid observations and **0** missing observations (or “cases”).

The next table displays the crosstab of **Team** * **Position**.

Here is how to interpret the values in the crosstab:

**Row Totals:**

- A total of
**6**players are on team A - A total of
**6**players are on team B

**Column Totals:**

- A total of
**3**players have a position of Center - A total of
**4**players have a position of Forward - A total of
**5**players have a position of Guard

**Individual Cells:**

**1**player has a position of Center on team A**3**players have a position of Forward on team A**2**players have a position of Guard on team A**2**players have a position of Center on team B**1**player has a position of Forward on team B**3**players have a position of Guard on team B

By creating this one table, we can understand how frequently each combination of **Team** and **Position** occurs in the dataset.

**Additional Resources**

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common tasks in SPSS:

How to Perform a One Sample t-test in SPSS

How to Perform a Two Sample t-test in SPSS

How to Create a Frequency Table in SPSS