You can use the following syntax to create an empty matrix of a specific size in R:

#create empty matrix with 10 rows and 3 columns empty_matrix <- matrix(, nrow=10, ncol=3)

The following examples show how to use this syntax in practice.

**Example 1: Create Empty Matrix of Specific Size**

The following code shows how to create an empty matrix of a specific size in R:

#create empty matrix with 10 rows and 3 columns empty_matrix <- matrix(, nrow=10, ncol=3) #view empty matrix empty_matrix [,1] [,2] [,3] [1,] NA NA NA [2,] NA NA NA [3,] NA NA NA [4,] NA NA NA [5,] NA NA NA [6,] NA NA NA [7,] NA NA NA [8,] NA NA NA [9,] NA NA NA [10,] NA NA NA #view class class(empty_matrix) [1] "matrix" "array"

The result is a matrix with 10 rows and 3 columns in which every element in the matrix is blank.

**Example 2: Create Matrix of Unknown Size**

If you don’t know what the final size of the matrix will be ahead of time, you can use the following code to generate the data for the columns of the matrix and bind each column together using the cbind() function:

#create empty list my_list <- list() #add data using for loop for(i in 1:4) { my_list[[i]] <- rnorm(10) } #column bind values into a matrix my_matrix = do.call(cbind, my_list) #view final matrix my_matrix [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [1,] 1.3064332 1.18175760 2.1603867 1.2378847 [2,] 0.8618439 0.66663694 0.1113606 0.2062029 [3,] -0.4689356 -0.03200797 -1.3872632 1.6531437 [4,] -0.4664767 -0.79285400 0.3972758 0.1632975 [5,] 0.5880580 1.05795303 -0.5655543 -0.3557376 [6,] 0.5412100 -0.32070294 -0.3687303 -1.1778959 [7,] 0.5073627 -0.24925226 1.0031305 0.6336998 [8,] 0.8047177 0.10968558 0.3225197 1.6776955 [9,] 1.5755134 1.40435730 1.8360239 0.5612274 [10,] -0.6430913 0.01173386 0.3181037 -0.8414270

The result is a matrix with 10 rows and 4 columns.

**Additional Resources**

The following examples show how to create other empty objects in R:

How to Create an Empty Data Frame in R

How to Create an Empty List in R

How to Create an Empty Vector in R