**Covariance** is a measure of how changes in one variable are associated with changes in a second variable. Specifically, covariance measures the degree to which two variables are linearly associated. A positive covariance means two variables are positively related, while a negative covariance means two variables are inversely related.

To find the covariance between two variables, simply enter the data values below and click the “Calculate” button.

Variable 1 || Variable 2