How to Calculate Tenure in Google Sheets


You can use one of the following formulas to calculate employee tenure in Google Sheets:

Formula 1: Calculate Tenure in Years and Months (e.g. 14 years, 2 months)

=DATEDIF(B2,C2,"y") & " years , "& DATEDIF(B2,C2,"ym") & " months"

Formula 2: Calculate Tenure in Years as Decimal (e.g. 14.1694 years)

=YEARFRAC(B2, C2)

Both formulas assume that the start date is in cell B2 and the end date is in cell C2.

The following examples show how to use each formula in practice with the following dataset in Google Sheets:

Example 1: Calculate Tenure in Years and Months

We can type the following formula into cell D2 to calculate the tenure for the first employee in terms of years and months:

=DATEDIF(B2,C2,"y") & " years , "& DATEDIF(B2,C2,"ym") & " months"

We can then drag and fill this formula down to each remaining cell in column D to calculate the tenure for each employee:

calculate tenure in Google Sheets

The values in column D display the tenure for each employee in terms of years and months.

If you simply want to display the tenure in terms of total days, you can use the following formula instead:

=DATEDIF(B2, C2, "d")

This will display the tenure in terms of days instead of years and months:

Example 2: Calculate Tenure in Years as Decimal

We can type the following formula into cell D2 to calculate the tenure for the first employee in terms of years as a decimal:

=YEARFRAC(B2, C2)

We can then drag and fill this formula down to each remaining cell in column D to calculate the tenure for each employee:

The values in column D display the tenure for each employee in terms of years as a decimal.

For example:

  • Andy has a tenure of 14.1694 years.
  • Bob has a tenure of 3.8944 years.
  • Chad has a tenure of 9.2805 years.

And so on.

Note: You can find the complete documentation for the Google Sheets YEARFRAC function here.

Additional Resources

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common tasks in Google Sheets:

Google Sheets: How to Concatenate Dates
Google Sheets: How to Use an IF Function with Dates
Google Sheets: Calculate Average If Between Two Dates

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